Simulations of planet-disc interactions using Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics

Christoph Schäfer, Roland Speith, Michael Hipp, Wilhelm Kley

Astronomy & Astrophysics, 418, 325-335 (2004)


We have performed Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) simulations to study the time evolution of one and two protoplanets embedded in a protoplanetary accretion disc. We investigate accretion and migration rates of a single protoplanet depending on several parameters of the protoplanetary disc, mainly viscosity and scale height. Additionally, we consider the influence of a second protoplanet in a long time simulation and examine the migration of the two planets in the disc, especially the growth of eccentricity and chaotic behaviour. One aim of this work is to establish the feasibility of SPH for such calculations considering that usually only grid-based methods are adopted. To resolve shocks and to prevent particle penetration, we introduce a new approach for an artificial viscosity, which consists of an additional artificial bulk viscosity term in the SPH-representation of the Navier-Stokes equation. This allows for an accurate treatment of the physical kinematic viscosity to describe the shear, without the use of an artificial shear viscosity.

Preprint, January 2004 pdf-file (ca. 4.3 MB)